Spirits

The highest alcohol by volume products. In addition to being yeast-based fermentation of alcohol, they also go through a second step called “distillation” that further fortifies them.

Grappa: A fragrant and potent, grape-based pomace brandy of Italian origin that contains 35 to 60 percent alcohol by volume.

The flavor of grappa, like that of wine, depends on the type and quality of grapes used, as well as the type of distillation process being used. Grappa is made by distilling the pomace (a blend of grape seeds, stalks, and stems) leftover from the wine making process and is the perfect example of a zero-waste product.

Grappa is excellent served on its own in small glasses of about one to two ounces as an after-dinner drink (Digestivo). It is sometimes mixed with a steaming shot of esp esso to create caffé corretto or "corrected coffee.

It is not uncommon in Italy to pour a few drops of the powerful liquor into your cup of finished espresso, swirl it around to rinse, and drink.

Vodka: A clear distilled alcoholic beverage with different varieties originating in Poland and Russia. It is composed primarily of water and ethanol, but sometimes with traces of impurities and flavorings. Traditionally it is made by distilling the liquid from potatoes or cereal grains that have been fermented, though some modern brands use fruits or sugar as the base.

Since the 1 890s, standard vodkas have been 40% percent alcohol by volume (80 U.S. proof). The European Union has established a minimum alcohol content of 37.5 percent alcohol by volume or vodka. Vodka in the United States must have a minimum alcohol content of 40%.

In the past two decades Italy has started to produce several vodkas. While Vodka is not a native spirit to Italy, the country's commitment to excellence has generated some great vodkas.

Gin: A distilled Spirit that derives its predominant flavor from juniper berries (Juniperus communis). In addition to juniper, gin tends to be flavored with botanical/herbal, spice, floral or fruit flavors or often a combination. The European Union has established a minimum alcohol content of 37.5 percent alcohol by volume for Gin but most of them are much higher.

In the past two decades Italy has started to produce several gins. While gin is not a native spirit to Italy, the country provides wonderful juniper berries to many distillers across the world.

Cetegories

Italy is known for its wine production but it also has a vast production of other alcoholic beverages
which can be divided in three macro-categories:

Spirits

Liqueurs & Cordials

Fortified Wine

Aperitivi & Digestivi